How to Change a Tyre in 14 Steps
This comprehensive guide will assist you with changing your tyre with safe, calculated instructions aimed at helping the first-timer or even the semi-pro.
- Pull onto stable, solid and level ground well away from passing vehicles. Make sure to avoid soft ground and hills, as they will make tyre changing impressively difficult.
- Once you have parked safely, find some rocks or heavy object to put behind all tyres.
- In the boot of your car, there should be a false bottom that holds a spare tyre, a jack and spanner. Loosen the nuts on the flat tyre with the spanner. Make sure they are only slightly loosened, not removed entirely! This way when you have it jacked up, it’s going to be less of a hassle to get the tyre off. To loosen the nut, you might need to stand on the spanner with one foot, using your body weight as leverage. If it still doesn’t budge, try bouncing a bit, while holding onto the car.
- Place the jack next to the tyre that needs changing. Be sure to have the jack lined up with the metal frame of your car; there should be a ridge to guide you. If you’re not sure you have the right spot, check your owner’s manual. Placing the jack in the wrong spot could end up in a damaged car!
- Put your spare tyre beside the jack, as far under the car as you can manage (on its belly, not upright). This will act as a back-up, in case the car falls of the jack.
- Using the jack, take the pressure off the flat tyre. Raise the tyre high enough to fit the spare on. Keep your eye on the car to make sure it’s stable the entire time. If you see any instability you will need to lower it and check the position of the jack.
- As you raise up the car, push the spare tyre under the car, to the rim, to protect the car if it falls.
- Now that you have the car jacked up high enough, go ahead and remove the nuts completely. There should be four. Place the nuts in your pocket, on top of the car, or somewhere not far from reach. You do not want to lose them!
- Taking the flat tyre off could prove difficult due to rust. Give it a good thwack and jiggle if need be. Once you have it off, place it where the spare is.
- Place the spare tyre on the hub, taking care to ensure it is on the right way round. Align the rim with the bolts and place the nuts on.
- Tighten nuts partway. It is best to do this in a star pattern with your hand at first until they are all equally tight. For those unfamiliar with tightening and loosening, remember the simple phrase ‘righty tighty, lefty loosey’. Do not tighten all the way, that comes later.
- Lower the car without applying the full weight to the tyre. Tighten the nuts using the wrench as much as they will allow.
- Lower the car entirely and finish tightening the nuts. Remember to replace the hubcap after doing this.
- Place the flat tyre in the boot and take it to a mechanic. Decide whether it is worth fixing it to save some money or replacing it altogether with the advice from the mechanic.
Do you have any tips of your own that we missed? Comment below and let us know.
Check out our DVG Motoring Tips for more handy tips on the road!